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ЗА ГЛУПСТА !!
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ЈорданПетровски Online
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#1

Quote: Dietrich Bonhoeffer: O GLUPOSTI

[Image: 4f411c7dd400d8cc3ebd00031ff0e07d_M.jpg]

Pitajući se kako je moguće da skoro čitava nacija podlegne suludim Hitlerovim idejama, Ditrih Bonhefer, nemački borac protiv nacizma, napisao je ovu analizu fenomena ljudske gluposti.

Glupost je opasniji neprijatelj dobra nego što je zlo. Protiv zla možemo da se bunimo, ono se može razotkriti, u slučaju nužde i sprečiti silom; zlo uvek u sebi nosi i klicu sopstvenog uništenja zato što kod ljudi makar izaziva neprijatnost. Protiv gluposti smo nemoćni. Tu ne možemo ništa da postignemo protestima ili silom; argumenti ne vrede, u činjenice koje govore protiv prethodno oformljenih mišljenja jednostavno niko ne veruje – u takvim slučajevima je glupak čak i kritičan...

Osim toga glupak je, za razliku od zlikovca, u potpunosti zadovoljan samim sobom: da, on je čak i opasan zato što se lako razdraži i prelazi u napad. Stoga moramo biti obazriviji sa glupakom nego sa zlim čovekom. Nikada više ne treba da pokušavamo da glupaka ubedimo argumentima, to je besmisleno i opasno.

Da bismo znali kako da izađemo na kraj s glupošću, moramo da pokušamo da shvatimo njenu suštinu. Jedno je sigurno: ona u suštini nije defekt intelekta, nego ljudskosti. Ima ljudi intelektualno veoma dobro opremljenih, koji su glupi, i intelektualno usporenih koji su sve samo ne glupi. To, na vlastito iznenađenje, otkrivamo u određenim situacijama.

Utisak da je glupost urođena slabost nije tako jak kao onaj da ljude u određenim situacijama načine glupima, tj. da sami dopuštaju da budu zaglupljeni.

I možemo da vidimo da ljudi koji žive odvojeno od ostalih, usamljeni, tu manu ređe poseduju nego ljudi ili grupe ljudi koji imaju potrebu za druženjem ili su na to upućeni.

Čini se, dakle, da je glupost više sociološki nego psihološki problem. Ona je rezultat delovanja izvesnih istorijskih okolnosti na čoveka, psihološki fenomen koji prati određene spoljašnje prilike.

Ako to razmotrimo malo detaljnije, pokazuje se da svaki jak spoljašnji razvoj sile političkog ili verskog tipa pogađa veliki broj ljudi glupošću. Da, to gotovo zvuči kao neki socio-psihološki zakon. Moć jednih zavisi od gluposti drugih. Nikada, međutim, neke ljudske sposobnosti, na primer intelektualne, ne bivaju umanjene niti nestaju, već preovlađujući utisak koji razvoj moći ostavlja na određene ljude oduzima njihovu samostalnost – oni, manje ili više nesvesno, odustaju od samostalnosti u situaciji u kojoj se nalaze.

Činjenica da je glupak često i tvrdoglav, ne sme da nas zavede da poverujemo da je samostalan. Već u razgovoru s njim primećujemo da nemamo posla s njim lično, već sa sloganima, parolama itd. koji su ga potpuno zarobili. On je zaposednut, zaslepljen, zloupotrebljen i zlostavljan u čitavom svom biću. On je pretvoren u instrument bez volje i tako je u stanju da čini sve moguće zlo a istovremeno nije u stanju da ga spozna kao zlo. Ovde leži opasnost od demonske zloupotrebe, koja čoveka može zauvek da uništi.

Ditrih Bonhefer (Dietrich Bonhoeffer; 1906 – 1945)
nemački sveštenik, teolog, antinacistički disident.
Suprostavljajući se nacističkoj diktatuti, pre svega Hitlerovim programima eutanazije i genocidu nad Jevrejima, uhapšen je aprila 1943. i sproveden u koncentracioni logor. Obešen je 9. aprila 1945.


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16-06-2015, 07:55 PM
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montehristo Online
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#2

Quote:Episode 17. Britain – Adolf Hitler’s star-crossed love (II)
Sat, Jun 13, 2015Europe, The Episodes, Unknown WWIIBy Nikolay STARIKOV (Russia)

Episode 17. Britain – Adolf Hitler’s star-crossed love (II)
Part I
Two weeks after Britain’s treacherous attack on the French navy, the world was already discussing a very different event. On July 19, 1940, Adolf Hitler stepped up to the podium of the German Reichstag. In that hall sat not only the members of the German parliament, but also generals, the leaders of the SS, and diplomats – the cream of the Third Reich. They all eagerly listened to their Führer. And what was he speaking about? About the brilliant success of the German army that had crushed France with such unbelievable speed. But then Hitler spoke again … about peace. Not about the abstract idea of “world peace,” but about a very particular type of peace with the world power that embodied that ideal. Hitler, an Anglophile, was at the peak of his celebrity when he made his peace overture to Great Britain. The victor was offering peace to the vanquished. Hitler’s speech, which was being translated into English by an interpreter as he spoke, flew around the world.

From Britain I now hear only a single cry – not of the people but of the politicians – that the war must go on! I do not know whether these politicians already have a correct idea of what the continuation of this struggle will be like. They do, it is true, declare that they will carry on with the war and that, even if Great Britain should perish, they would carry on from Canada. I can hardly believe that they mean by this that the people of Britain are to go to Canada. Presumably only those gentlemen interested in the continuation of their war will go there. The people, I am afraid, will have to remain in Britain and . . . will certainly regard the war with other eyes than their so-called leaders in Canada.
Believe me, gentlemen, I feel a deep disgust for this type of unscrupulous politician who wrecks whole nations. It almost causes me pain to think that I should have been selected by fate to deal the final blow to the structure which these men have already set tottering… Mr. Churchill… no doubt will already be in Canada, where the money and children of those principally interested in the war have already been sent. For millions of other people, however, great suffering will begin. Mr. Churchill ought perhaps, for once, to believe me when I prophesy that a great Empire will be destroyed – an Empire which it was never my intention to destroy or even to harm…
Berlin, Reichstagssitzung, Rede Adolf HitlerIn this hour I feel it to be my duty before my own conscience to appeal once more to reason and common sense in Great Britain as much as elsewhere. I consider myself in a position to make this appeal since I am not the vanquished begging favors, but the victor speaking in the name of reason.
I can see no reason why this war must go on.

(William Shirer, The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich, p.677)


On July 22, 1940, the British foreign secretary, Lord Halifax, made a speech rejecting Hitler’s call for peace. This country so idolized by Adolf Hitler, this world power, this alliance that he regarded as exceptionally promising and useful to Germany, had once again rebuffed his outstretched hand. It was a dead end. Not for the German state, which had paid such a small price to become so powerful. It was a dead end for the politician Adolf Hitler, who passionately longed to destroy communism and to build a new world power, but who had instead signed peace treaty with the Bolsheviks and was battling those who had built an exemplary empire long before he had been born. An empire that Hitler himself had always idealized. “I admire the English. As colonizers, what they have accomplished is unprecedented,” noted the Führer in one of his many statements about the virtues of British colonialism. ...........
An inch today is tomorrow’s mile.
18-06-2015, 04:39 AM
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